Abdul Ghafoor is Lecturer of Finance at Birmingham City Business School, UK. Previously, he worked as Lecturer of Finance at Monash University. He is also a Non-resident Research Fellow at IPAG Business School Paris, France. He holds a Ph.D. in Finance from the University of Malaya, Malaysia. His areas of research are corporate finance, corporate governance, and corporate misconduct. His work is published in various international journals such as Finance Research Letters, Journal of Business Ethics, Emerging Market Finance and Trade, Global Economic Review and others.