Professor in Environmental Governance and Planning
School of Engineering and the Built Environment - BE
Claudia is a Professor in the field of interdisciplinary research and environmental governance. Her research relates to climate change and sustainability adopting social-ecological systems thinking and approaches. Her main areas of interest are the opportunities and barriers to 'low-impact' living and the transformative planning to create greener and sustainable cities.
Claudia studied geography and environmental management and for many years worked in academic and applied research on environmental policy and management, environmental values, public and stakeholder engagement, critical evaluation, and interdisciplinary research approaches. She joined Birmingham City University in 2011.
Current/recent research projects include:
- ‘Are you game for Climate Action? - Engaging young people in built environment climate research through co-design and play’ project funded by UKRI-AHRC as part of COP26. Output: Climania
- ‘STEAM INC. – STEAM Innovation and Curriculum’ project (2019-1-UK01-KA203-062032) funded by the British Council as part of the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union.
- DT-Uni – Design Thinking Approach for an Interdisciplinary University project under the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union.
- Development of PARTICIPOLOGY, a resource to engage people in participative planning, decision-making and training using a board game format.
- Work packages 9 and 10 of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (NEA) Follow-On programme focusing on assessing and developing tools to take account of the Ecosystem Approach in decision-making.
Past posts included Project Leader/Social Scientist at the Forestry Commission's Research Agency - Forest Research (Farnham, England; 2006-2011); Researcher in the Socio-Economic Research Group (SERG) of the Macaulay Institute (Aberdeen, Scotland; 2002-2006), Research Associate in the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge (1998-2001).
Claudia leads and contributes to several modules on undergraduate and postgraduate courses relating to the built and natural environment, environmental governance, and the interface between social, economic and environmental interests in planning.
Claudia currently teaches on the following course:
- MA Planning Built Environments (Course Leader since 2021)
- BSc Property, Development and Planning
- BA Design for Future Living
Areas of Expertise
- Environmental governance
- Ecological emergency
- Climate change
- Holistic, participatory and creative approaches to environmental planning and management
- Beyond risk: uncertainty and complexity
- Institutional analysis
- Interdisciplinary research
- Research methods (especially qualitative and mixed methods)
- STEAM methods and approaches for Higher Education
- MA (Hons) Geography (1993)
- MSc Environmental Management (1995)
- Postgraduate Certificate, Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (2013)
- Postgraduate Diploma, Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (2017)
- Master of Education, Academic Practice in Higher Education (2018)
- SEDA accredited Advanced Academic Practice (2015)
- SEDA accredited Community of Practice around Research Supervision (2020)
- SEDA accredited Embedding Sustainability in Higher Education (2022)
- 2020-present: Member of the UK Research and Innovation’s Future Leaders Fellowship Panel College
- 2020-present: Member of Judging Panel for RTPI West Midlands Annual Awards
- 2020-present: Elected member and BCU representative Regional Activities Committee, Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) West Midlands Region
- 2020-present: Member of the General Board for the journal Environmental Values
- 2019-present: Chartered Member Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI)
- 2017-present: Member of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE) and the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE)
- 2014-present: Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
- 2011-2020: Associate Editor (Socio-Economics) of the journal Environmental Values
- Introduction to the Built Environment (Level 4, 20 credits); Tutor 2017-21
- The Way We Live(d) (Level 4, 20 credits; part of School of Architecture Bachelor degree in ‘Design for Future Living’); Module Leader and Tutor 2020-
- Professional Practice Project (Level 5, 30 credit module), Module Leader 2018-19
- Smart Policies and Plans (Level 5, 20 credits); Module Leader 2018-
- Individual Honours Project (Level 6, 40 credit module); Supervisor 2017-
- Agents of Environmental Planning (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2015-2017
- Complexity, Conflict and Resolution (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2015-2017
- Foundations of Planning (Level 7, 20 credits); Tutor 2017-
- Governance in Built and Natural Environment (Level 7, 20 credits); Module Leader 2018-
- Individual Masters Project (Level 7, 60 credits); Supervisor 2017-; Module Leader 2019-
- Policies and Plans (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2011-2015; Module Leader 2016-2018
- Professional Practice (Level 7, 20 credits), Module Leader 2022-
- Research Project (Level 7, 60 credits); Tutor 2011-2013; Module Leader 2013-2018; Supervisor 2013-2018
- Society, Economy and Environment (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2013-2017
Claudia has previously taught on the following courses:
- BSc Planning, Environment and Development (now BSc Property, Planning and Development)
- MA Planning Built and Natural Environments (now MA Planning Built Environments)
- MA Environmental and Spatial Planning
- MSc Environment Sustainability
Claudia is a geographer and environmental manager with an academic and applied research background. Her research experience and interests concern:
- Environmental governance issues, particularly eliciting different perspectives and values concerning environmental policy, land use planning and environmental management across different scales; civic society driven/inclusive processes; participatory monitoring and evaluation; environmental management; institutional analysis of environmental issues; transition movement/degrowth.
- Human-nature relationship, especially landscape perceptions and values; joined-up and participatory spatial planning; meaning, influence and significance of nature in people’s lives.
- Methodology, interdisciplinary approaches to research and environmental management; innovative methods and cross-cutting approaches to address complex problems; reflective and critical appraisal; links to theory and development of conceptual frameworks.
Current/recent research projects:
- 2021: ‘Are you game for Climate Action? - Engaging young people in built environment climate research through co-design and play’ project funded by UKRI-AHRC as part of COP26. Bid idea generator, co-writer and Co-Investigator. £7,600 funded plus in-kind.
- 2019 to 2022: ‘STEAM INC. – STEAM Innovation and Curriculum’ project (2019-1-UK01-KA203-062032) funded by the British Council as part of the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union. BCU is the Lead Partner. My role has been as bid idea generator and co-writer and a Co-Investigator during the funded period. Euros 404,979.
- 2017: BCU-funded Student-Academic Partner (SAP) project on ‘BCU Environment Hub – Phase 1’. Academic project leader. 150 hours of student time; total: £1,110.
- 2017: RTPI-funded project on ‘Gain from Playing the Planning Game: developing a board-game based resource for use in schools and outreach events’. Project leader. £4,500 with additional co-funding.
- 2014 to 2016: ESRC-funded project on ‘Maximising the Impact of Games as Effective Knowledge Exchange Tools: The Rufopoly Resource Kit’. Co-Investigator (led by Alister Scott). £125,000. Publicly available output: PARTICIPOLOGY
- 2012 to 2014: UNEP WMC National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-On (UK NEA FO) research funded by UK Research Councils, Defra and Welsh Government on ‘Tools: Applications, Benefits and Linkages for Ecosystems (TABLES)’. Project combines work on two work packages: WP9 Engagement with end users and development of a framework to prioritise tool development; WP10 Development and enhancement of tools and resources taking forward findings from the UK NEA. Co-investigator (led by Alister Scott). £200,000.
- 2010 to 2012: RELU-funded research project on ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fringe’. Co-Investigator (led by Alister Scott). £145,000.
October 2019: Student Futures Project was shortlisted for the RTPI West Midlands Planning Excellence Award 2019. https://www.rtpi.org.uk/the-rtpi-near-you/rtpi-west-midlands/awards/
October 2018: Led the ‘Planning Game’ project which used the Participology resource to develop the Place Makers board game and was awarded the Chair’s Award for RTPI West Midlands in recognition of the regional and national impact of the game to help future generations understand the work of planners and attract young people into the profession.
June 2016: Participology (www.participology.com) was shortlisted for the ‘Sir Peter Hall Award for Wider Engagement’ as part of the Royal Town Planning Institute awards for excellence in planning research. Whilst it did not win it received significant press attention and public exposure in what is the planning profession’s annual showcase of planning research across the UK.
June 2014: The National Ecosystem Approach Toolkit (NEAT) was shortlisted under the ‘Innovative Practice in Decision-Making’ category of the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) Planning Excellence Awards.
July 2007: Howard League Community Programme Award for ‘Outstanding Scheme’ for the Offenders and Nature Projects initiated by the Forestry Commission (FC) and researched and documented by Forest Research (FR). (Lead researcher and lead author of several publications; put the schemes forward for the award)
- Débora Picorelli Zukeran (PhD student, BCU) ‘Community-Led Initiatives as Urban Assets: A Comparative Study of Policy Responses’. Director of Studies (September 2021-)
- Ruth Awara (PhD student, BCU) ‘Developing a blue-green urban planning framework towards the Integration of Flood Risk Management in the United Kingdom (using Birmingham as a case study)’. Director of Studies (February 2020-)
Successful PhD Completions:
- Veronica Barry (PhD Planning 2014-2022). ‘A place for food: a critical exploration of the role of food in healthy planning in the UK’. Co-supervisor 2018-2022.
- Louis Durrant (PhD Planning 2016-2022). ‘Improving the delivery of the landscape scale in policy and practice: using an applied Delphi framework’. Co-supervisor (Feb-Oct 2016) / Director of Studies (Nov 2016-Jan 2022).
- Steven Vella (PhD Planning, 2014-2018). ‘Social Impact Assessment as a vehicle to better understand and improve Stakeholder Participation within Urban Development Planning. The Maltese Case’. Main supervisor: Prof Mark Reed (BCU / University of Newcastle); Director of Studies 2017-2018.
- Vanesa Castan-Broto (Eng.D. Surrey University & Forest Research, 2005-2009). ‘Perspectives on coal ash pollution’, the main topic within the project being the incorporation of a sociological perspective into planning and technology development. Co-supervisor 2006-2009.
Claudia covers both social and natural sciences and adopts interdisciplinary approaches in her research. Her published work as author and editor comes in a range of formats including academic journal articles, book chapters, policy briefs (paper, pdf and video), features in environmental and planning magazines and numerous research reports and summaries. The following list is a selection of publications from the past 15 years.
Carter, C., Durrant, L. and Scott, A. (forthcoming 2023/4) ‘A framework to enable new ways of landscape scale thinking and practice’. In Moore, K., Albans, A., Nikologianni, A. and Cureton, P. (Eds) The Landscape of Our Lives. London: Routledge.
Javidroozi, V., Carter, C., Grace, M. and Shah, H. (2023) ‘Smart, Sustainable, Green Cities: A State-of-the-Art review’. Sustainability, special issue: Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Smart Cities: Challenges and Opportunities. Sustainability 15(6), 5353. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/15/6/5353
Ussher, S., Burns, K., Carter, C., Stint, C. and Veart, L. (2023) An Evaluation Framework for STEAM Processes. Birmingham: Birmingham City University. ISBN: 978-1-904839-97-2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/369528718_An_evaluation_framework_for_STEAM_processes_A_methodology_to_assess_the_effect_and_effectiveness_of_STEAM_activities_developed_by_the_STEAM_INC_project
Shtebunaev, S. and Carter, C. (2022) ‘Are you game for Climate Action? Lessons from developing the built environment climate literacy board game ‘Climania’ through youth-led co-design’. International STEAM Conference 2022: Where the Arts and Sciences meet, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK, 18-20 October 2022. BCU Steamhouse-Claudia Carter 2
Carter, C., Burns, K. and Stint, C. (2022) ‘Exploring the Design Thinking - STEAM Nexus’ – STEAM and Design Thinking Extended Paper. International STEAM Conference 2022: Where the Arts and Sciences meet, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK, 18-20 October 2022. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e5f9GIeebj0&list=PLBdXrO5XRY8id0NTp2N2zne-MNsFEVvRm&index=15 (33 min)
Carter, C. (2022) Keynote: ‘STEAM in Higher Education’, STEAM and the Future of Education - Interdisciplinary Innovation and the Integration of the 4 Cultures Domain Conference, Universidade do Porto, Portugal, 19-20 September. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02AQEXQFEmk
Shtebunaev, S. and Carter, C. (2022) ‘Engaging young people in built environment climate research through board games and co-design: lessons from Climania the Climate Action game’, UK-Ireland Planning Conference 2022 ‘Planning in, and for, a Digital World’, Manchester, UK, 5-7 September 2022.
Newman, A., Barnett, H., Carter, C.E., Cohen, N., Fischer, R., Holme, A., Burns, K., Cahill-Jones, T., Stint, C., Veart, L., Berry, J., Naudin, A., Columbano, A., Greulich, H., Lordick, D., Nickolaus, L., Brinck, J., Durall, E., Leinonen, T., Brouwer-Zupancic, N., Nack, F., Nusseder, A., Sandberg, J., Hurley, M., O’Shea, J. and Ussher, S. (2022) ‘Implementing STEAM Approaches in Higher Education’, ISEA2022 Barcelona Proceedings & Catalogue. Editors: Pau Alsina, lrma Vila, Susanna Tesconi, Joan Soler-Adillon and Enrie Mor, pp. 1079-1082. https://doi.org/10.7238/ISEA2022.Proceedings
Durall, E., C. Carter and K. Burns (2022) Transdisciplinary education and innovation through STEAM. In: Rajanen, D., M, Rajanen, N. Iivari, L. Kuure, T. Keisanen, M. Kinnula, T. Molin-Juustila and R. Tumelius (Eds) Proceedings of the Mini-Conference on Transdisciplinary Research and Design (TRaD 2022). INTERACT No. 6, June 2022. University of Oulu, Finland, pp. 26-33. https://interact.oulu.fi/site/files/2022-06/interact-6-2022.pdf
Carter, C., Curzon, R, McGrath, V. and Mowl, N. (2022) ‘From individual action to transformative change: The value and impact of working together’. Advance HE Sustainability Symposium, Online, 29-30 March 2022.
Carter, C., H. Barnett, K. Burns, N. Cohen, E. Durall, D. Lordick, F. Nack, A. Newman and S. Ussher (2021) ‘Defining STEAM approaches for Higher Education’, European Journal of STEM Education (Special Issue STEM & Arts Education), 6(1): 13. Open access at https://doi.org/10.20897/ejsteme/11354.
Carter, C. (2021a) ‘Guest editorial: Climate and environmental change are happening fast – but will the political climate facilitate transformative planning?’ Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 105 (Winter 2021): 8-9. https://www.rtpi.org.uk/media/9665/rtpi_wm-tripwire_winter21.pdf
Carter, C. (2021b) ‘What can planners do to climate-proof development and aid multi-functionality?’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 105 (Winter 2021): 10-13. https://www.rtpi.org.uk/media/9665/rtpi_wm-tripwire_winter21.pdf
Burns, K., T. Cahill-Jones, C. Carter, C. Stint and L. Veart (eds, main authors) (2021) STEAM Approaches Handbook. Birmingham: Birmingham City University. ISBN: 978-1-904839-96-5. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/356361291_STEAM_Approaches_Handbook
Vella, S., Carter, C. and Reed, M. (2021) ‘What can we learn from anthropology to conduct socially just participatory action research?’, Educational Action Research. https://doi.org/10.1080/09650792.2021.1897024.
Carter, C. (2021) ‘An Ecological Turn in Planning’. The UK Ireland Planning Research Conference - ‘Re-imaging the Planning Project’. Online, 9 September 2021.
Burns, K., C. Carter, Z. Ahmed and S. Sisay (2020b) ‘The use of design thinking in non-design contexts – a journey and experience'. In: L. Pokrzycka (Ed) Innovative Teaching Methods: Practical Teaching in Higher Education. Chapter 3, pp53-68. Lublin:Marie Curie-Sklodowska University Press.
Burns, K., C. Carter, Z. Ahmed and S. Sisay (2020a) ‘The use of design thinking in non-design contexts – a journey and experience'. In: M. Evans, M., A. Shaw and J. Na (Eds) Design revolutions: IASDR 2019 Conference Proceedings. Volume 4: Learning, Technology, Thinking. Manchester Metropolitan University, The International Association of Societies of Design Research, pp. 708-718. ISBN 978-1-910029-62-6. http://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/626771/.
Obremski, H. and Carter, C.E. (2019) ‘Can self-build housing improve social sustainability within low-income groups?’ Town Planning Review, 90(2): 167-193.
Carter, C.(2019) ‘Focusing on Relational Matters to Overcome Duality’, Editorial, Environmental Values 28(2): 135-140.
Carter, C. (2019) ‘“Design for the Real” World CPD Event’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 101 (Summer 2019): 9-11.
Carter, C. (2019) ‘People, Games and Planning’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 100 (Spring 2019): 11-13.
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Assimilation, Blind Spots and Coproduced Crises’ Editorial, Environmental Values 27(1): 1-7.
Scott, A.J., Carter, C., Hardman, M., Grayson, N. and Slaney, T. (2018) ‘Mainstreaming ecosystem science in spatial planning practice: exploiting a hybrid opportunity space’. Land Use Policy. 70: 232-246. Open access via Science Direct
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Viability Assessments: An inexact science of ensuring profitability’, CPD Event Report, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 99 (Winter 2018): 17-21.
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Air Quality Regulations CPD – Their impact on planning and development’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 98 (Summer 2018): 19-22.
Carter, C. (2017) ‘Lest thou forget not thy roots’… Planning and Health Seminar, Birmingham, 26 September 2017. Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 95 (Autumn 2017): 10-13.
Carter, C. and Smith, T. (2017) ‘Building on Polanyi to strengthen the social and relational aspects of social ecological economics’. European Society for Ecological Economics conference, Budapest, 20-23 June 2017.
Franchina, A., A.J. Scott and C.E. Carter (2017) The Green Living Spaces Plan: Evaluation and Future Prospects. Research Report to Birmingham City Council. Birmingham: Birmingham City University (56pp).
Franchina, A., Scott, A. and Carter, C. (2017) ‘Changing the nature of GI city governance in Birmingham: A policy and practice evaluation’. International conference on Panacea Green Infrastructure? Essen, Germany, 16-17 February 2017.
Carter, C. (2016) 'Faults of Our Reality?' Editorial. Environmental Values, 25 (6). pp. 633-637. ISSN 09632719
Carter, C. (2016) ‘Considering the rural-urban nexus for England’s Open Environment’. Annual International Conference of the Royal Geographical Society on ‘Nexus thinking’, London, 31 August - 2 September 2016.
Carter, C. and Reed, M. (2016) ‘Parks and climate change: Challenges to the protected area landscape and emerging policy and management responses’. In: T. Hammer, I. Mose, D. Siegrist and N. Weixlbaumer (Eds) Parks of the Future! Protected areas in Europe challenging regional and global change. Munich: Oekom, pp. 37-46
Carter, C. (2015) Assessing the potential for ecosystem-based thinking at the landscape scale focusing on city regions. In: Annual International Conference of the Royal Geographical Society on ‘Geographies of the Anthropocene’, Exeter
Carter, C. (2015) ‘Denial and Despair’ Editorial, Environmental Values 24(5): 577-580.
Attlee, A.C., Reed, M.S., Carter, C.E., Scott, A.J., Vella, S., Hardman, M. and Neumann, R.K. (2015) Tools for assessing ecosystem services futures: a review. CAB reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 10: 1-13
Carter, C., Scott, A., Grace, M., Water, R. and Reed, M. S. (2015) Taking the landscape scale to the extreme: Insights for planning from taking a social-ecological systems view. In: UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference ‘Future Planning, Future Cities’, London
Carter, C. (2015) Making wicked problems game for planning. UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference ‘Future Planning, Future Cities’, London
Carter, C. and Scott, A. and Adams, D. (2015) Learning lessons from Rufopoly as a participatory tool, November 2011 to March 2015, Work Package 1 Report. Project Report. Birmingham City University
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Climate Change, Irreversible Change and Changing Perspectives’, Environmental Values 23(5): 497-500
Scott, A. and C. Carter (2014) Improving policy- and decision-making in peri-urban areas, Town and Country Planning September 2014: 405-406
Scott, A., C. Carter, O. Hölzinger, M. Everard, D. Rafaelli (Report Review Editor), M. Hardman, J. Baker, K. Leach, R. Wakeford, M. Reed, M. Grace, T. Sunderland, R. Waters, R. Corstanje, R. Glass, N. Grayson, J. Harris and A. Taft (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on Work Package Report 10: Tools – Applications, Benefits and Linkages for Ecosystem Science (TABLES). UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.160pp.
Carter, C. (2013) ‘Equity, Ethics and Evidence in Environmental Governance’, Environmental Values 22(5): 561-566
Scott, A.J., C. Carter, M.R. Reed, P. Larkham, D. Adams, N. Morton, R. Waters, D. Collier, C. Crean, R. Curzon, R. Forster, P. Gibbs, N. Grayson, M. Hardman, A. Hearle, D. Jarvis, M. Kennet, K. Leach, M. Middleton, N. Schiessel, B. Stonyer and R. Coles (2013) Disintegrated Development at the Rural-Urban Fringe: Re-connecting spatial planning theory and practice, Progress in Planning 83 (July): 1-52.
Carter, C. (2013) 'Applying the ecosystem approach to improve policy and decision making processes: making a tool of yourself', RGS-IBG Annual Conference, London (with A.J. Scott, M. Everard and M. Hardman)
Ambrose-Oji, B., C. Carter, A. Lawrence and D. Moseley (2012) UK Planning Systems: Integrating Woodlands and Trees. A Scoping Study. Farnham, UK: Forest Research, 63pp
Carter, C. (2012) 'From risk-based model to pro-active and adaptive management: 'The Birmingham Project'. Cardiff International Conference on Sustainable Place-Making, October (with N. Grayson)
Scott, A.J., C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Reconnecting the built and natural environment divide in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Scott, A.J., N. Morton, R. Curzon, C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Understanding connections by crossing boundaries in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Schiessel, N., A.J. Scott, C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Managing contested values in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Carter, C. et al. (2012) ‘Adapting for the long-term in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Morris, J., O'Brien, E., Ambrose-Oji, B., Lawrence, A., Carter C. and Peace, A. (2011) 'Access for all? Barriers to accessing woodlands and forests in Britain', 16(4): 375-396
Ambrose-Oji, B., Tabbush, P., Carter, C., Frost, B. and Fielding, K. (2011) Public engagement in forestry: a toolbox for public participation in forest and woodland planning. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh
Carter, C. and Scott, A.J. (2011) 'Spatial planning - new opportunities for environmental governance', Government Gazette (October) pp. 46-47
Selman, P., C. Carter, A. Lawrence and C. Morgan (2010) ‘Re-connecting with a recovering river through imaginative engagement’, Ecology and Society 15(3): 18 [online]
Castán Broto V., Burningham, K.,Carter, C. and Elghali, L. (2010) 'Stigma and attachment: performance of identity in an environmentally degraded place', Society and Natural Resources vol. 23 no. 10 pp. 952-968.
Carter, C. and Pycroft, A. (2010) 'Getting out: offenders in forestry and conservation work settings', in Brayford, J., Cowe, F. and Deering, J. (eds) What else works? Creative work with offenders. Willan, Uffculme.
Lawrence, A. and Carter, C. (2009) 'Human behavioural and institutional change', in Read, D. et al. (eds) Combating climate change - a role for UK forests. An assessment of the potential of the UK’s trees and woodlands to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh.
Scott, A., Carter, C., Brown, K. and White, V. (2009) '"Seeing is not everything": exploring the landscape experiences of different publics', Landscape Research, 34(4): 397-424
Castán Broto, V., C. Carter and L. Elghali (2009) Research Note: ‘The governance of coal ash pollution in post-socialist times: power and expectations’. Environmental Politics, 18(2): 279-286.
Castán Broto, V., C. Carter and L. Elghali (2008) ‘Environmental Policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Post-socialism Development and Local Governance’ (A dramatised interpretation in one act). In: R. Hillerbrand and R. Karlsson Beyond the Global Village: Environmental Challenges Inspiring Global Citizenship. Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press. Probing the Boundaries Series, Volume 51. Chapter 2, pp 26-34. ISBN: 978-1-904710-50-9.
Carter, C. and L. O’Brien (2008) ‘Identity-building in the woods: Re-connecting with nature for health and wellbeing’. Ecos, 29(2): 33-41.
Spash, C.L. and C. Carter (2008) ‘Environmental Valuation in Europe: Findings from the Concerted Action’ (2001). In: J. Martinez-Alier and I. Røpke Recent Developments In Ecological Economics Volume 2. Chapter 9, pp. 125-140.
Dellantonio, A., W.J. Fitz, H. Custovic, F. Repmann, B.U. Schneider, H. Grünewald, V. Gruber, Z. Zgorelec, N. Zerem, C. Carter, M. Markovic, M. Puschenreiter, W.W. Wenzel (2008) ‘Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina’. Environmental Pollution, 153: 677-686.
O’Neill, J., C. Carter, K. Ekeli and W. Kenyon (2008) Representing Diversity in Participatory Approaches, PATH Policy Research Brief. Aberdeen, UK: Macaulay Institute.
Blackstock, K.L. and C.E. Carter (2007) ‘Operationalising sustainability science for a sustainability directive? Reflecting on three pilot projects’. The Geographical Journal, 173(4): 343-357.
Richards, C., K. Blackstock and C. Carter (2007, 2nd edition) ‘Practical Approaches to Participation’, SERG Policy Brief No. 1. Aberdeen: The Macaulay Institute. First edition: 2004
Carter, C. (2006) ‘Environmental Governance: The Power and Pitfalls of Participatory Processes’, Aberdeen Discussion Paper Series: People, Environment, Development. Aberdeen: The Macaulay Institute and University of Aberdeen. ISSN 1743-9965.
Carter, C. (2005) ‘The Role of Participatory Processes in Environmental Governance: The example of agricultural GMOs’. In: P.H. Feindt and J. Newig (eds) Partizipation, Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung, Nachhaltigkeit: Perspektiven der politischen Ökonomie. Marburg: Metropolis-Verlag, pp. 181-207.
Carter, C. and Obremski, H. (2019) ‘Town Planning Review 90.2 Featured Article’, posted 28 March 2019. https://liverpooluniversitypress.blog/category/journals/
Carter, C. (2018) ‘What role can planning play in improving urban air quality?’, posted 14 September 2018. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/what-role-can-planning-play-in-improving-urban-air-quality/
Carter, C. (2017) ‘The healthy roots of planning’, posted 6 October 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/the-healthy-roots-of-planning/
Molnar, A. and Carter, C. (2017) ‘Visioning our EcoHub’, posted 11 July 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/visioning-our-ecohub/
Carter, C. (2017) ‘Conflicts and cheetahs’, posted 28 February 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/conflict-and-cheetahs/
Carter, C. (2016) ‘Runway economics or plane stupid?’, posted 25 October 2016. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/runway-economics-or-plane-stupid/
Carter, C. (2016) ‘The Missing E and C’, posted 9 August 2016. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/the-missing-e-and-c/
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Environmental Values and Climate Change: New Perspectives and Challenges’, posted 1 October 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/environmental-values-and-climate-change-new-perspectives-and-challenges/
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Does Climate Change Change our Perspective and Actions?’, posted 27 September 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/does-climate-change-change-our-perspective-and-actions/
Carter, C. and D. Roberts (2014) ‘Bunking Off to Bunkers Hill’, posted 26 September 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/bunking-off-to-bunkers-hill/
Carter, C. (2013) ‘From Co-Production to Performative Knowledge Exchange’, posted 1 July 2013. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/from-co-production-to-performative-knowledge-exchange/
Links and Social Media
- LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/claudia-e-carter-36b840ab/
- ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Claudia_Carter
- Academia: https://bcu.academia.edu/ClaudiaCarter