Research is vital to our University: it enables us to contribute new knowledge, underpins our creative and enterprise thinking and ensures we are delivering leading-edge teaching. Our researchers are making significant discoveries and partnering local, national and global organisations to find solutions to contemporary commercial, scientific and social issues.
Many of our academic staff engage in research and/or professional practice, and we have a thriving community of postgraduate research students.
Our specialist areas
We currently specialise in a range of subject areas within the built and natural environment, including:
- Community engagement and enablement
- Knowledge management and expertise in the construction industry
- Local sustainability
- Post-catastrophe urban reconstruction
- Rural-urban fringe economy and management
- Stakeholders and community engagement
- Urban conservation.
Our work focuses on human intervention in the physical environment, with the aim of improving current and future conditions. We are particularly interested in work that explores the problematic gaps between professions, between planning strategy and policy and between the academic and professional worlds.
We welcome inquiries in the fields of planning, surveying, property and new estate - please check the Research Centre websites listed below to find details of academic staff interests to see how your interests and research ambitions align with ours.
Property, Planning and Policies
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Transforming Building Lifecycle
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Global Environmental Challenges
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For general discussions about the studying for a research degree contact the School's Associate Head (Research), Professor Peter Larkham (email@example.com). You can also view our PhD area, which includes helpful blogs, fees and finance advice and more.
Formal applications should be made on the University's online application form, which can be found under the 'How to Apply' tab of the Built Environment PhD course page. The form should be accompanied by an initial research proposal of 1,000-2,500 words (fully referenced) explaining your ideas about topic and how it might be studied - this allows us to match your ideas with staff experience and interests. To discuss the application process contact DRC.CEBE@bcu.ac.uk.
Built Environment PhD Studentships
PhD Classic Doctoral Training Grant Funding Information
This funding model includes a 36 month fully funded PhD Studentship, in-line with the Research Council values, which comprises a tax-free stipend paid monthly (£18,622 2023 – 2024) per year and a Full Time Home Fee Scholarship (£4,712 for 2023 – 2024) for up to 3 years, subject to you making satisfactory progression within your PhD.
International students will be required to pay the difference between the International Fee Rate and Home Fee Rate. All applicants will receive the same stipend irrespective of fee status.
Application Closing Date:
23:59 on Sunday 14 January 2024 for a May 2024 start.
Shortlisting and Interview Dates:
Monday 15 January 2024 – Wednesday 31 January 2024.
How to Apply
To apply, please complete the project proposal form, ensuring that you quote the project reference, and then complete the online application where you will be required to upload your proposal in place of a personal statement as a pdf document.
You will also be required to upload two references, at least one being an academic reference, and your qualification/s of entry (Bachelor/Masters certificate/s and transcript/s).
Project Title: An Open-source Digital Framework for Integrated Simulation via Machine Learning to Achieve Sustainable Building Safety Design in Fire
This research project aims at bridging the gap between fire engineers and structural engineers via developing a numerical tool using C++. This research will increase wider acceptance and adoption of these more scientific approaches in fire safety engineering, specifically while interacting with structural engineering discipline.
This project will focus on the challenges of accurately estimating the demand imposed by real fire scenarios on the structure (rather than the current approach of a ‘standard fire’), and faithful simulation of the structural response using an integrated computational tool based upon modelling of real fires.
A C++ developed software, Structures in Fire Builder (SIFBuilder 2.0), with a digital framework for integrating fire and structural simulation will be developed in this project. This tool will be seamlessly bridged with machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) packages, to enable structural fire protection optimisation for achieving sustainable building safety design under an extensive library of fire scenarios.
Anticipated Findings and Contribution to Knowledge
Overall, the PhD student will understand the fundamental limits of technologies used for the current ISAC systems and in general the multifunctional networks. There is also a need for wide understanding across different layers of the mobile network, as the industry moves quickly towards a holistic implementation of multifunctional networks for 5G and Beyond.
Publication-wise, the background for system design for multifunctional networks in cellular 5G-A and 6G systems will be surveyed and structured into a literature review paper. Technical building blocks with solution options and research challenges will be addressed and published in high-impact venues. Then, a novel PoC implementation with results will be put together into a technical and patentable article, which will show how existing 5G hardware can or cannot provide a good basis for adding sensing capabilities on top and that objects can be detected well and become separated from clutter with appropriate algorithms.
Contributions to standardisation bodies such as 3GPP may be made based on the developed solutions.
Candidates are encouraged to apply if having a BEng/MSc degree in one of the following subjects (or closely equivalent):
- Structural Engineering
- Fire Engineering
- Software Engineering
Please also evidence your coding experience if having any.
Relevant Reading / Further Information
 Hall, J. R. (2014), ‘NFPA Report: The total cost of fire in the United States, Quincy’.
 CEN (2002), EN 1991-1-2:2002: Actions on Structures. General actions-actions on structures exposed to fire.
 Drysdale, D. ‘An introduction to Fire Dynamics’. 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons; 2011.
 X. Dai*, S. Welch, O. Vassart, K. Cábová, L. Jiang, J. Maclean, C. Clifton, A. Usmani, (2020) 'An extended travelling fire method framework for performance-based structural design', Fire and Materials, 44, pp. 437-457, https://doi.org/10.1002/fam.2810
 X. Dai*, S. Welch, A. Usmani, (2017), ‘A critical review of “travelling fire” scenarios for performance-based structural engineering’. Fire Safety Journal, 91C, pp. 568-578, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.04.001
 M. Charlier*, A. Gamba, X. Dai, S. Welch, O. Vassart, J. Franssen, (2021) ‘Modelling the influence of steel structure compartment geometry on travelling fires’, Proceedings of the ICE - Structures and Buildings, 174 (9), pp. 739-748, https://doi.org/10.1680/jstbu.20.00073
 X. Dai*, A. Gamba, C. Liu, J. Anderson, M. Charlier, D. Rush, S. Welch, An engineering CFD model for fire spread on wood cribs for travelling fires, Advances in Engineering Software, 173 (2022) 103213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2022.103213
 Z. Nan, X. Dai*, H. Chen, S. Welch, A. Usmani, A numerical investigation of 3D structural behaviour for steel-composite structures under various travelling fire scenarios, Engineering Structures, 267 (2022) 114587, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2022.114587
 Q. Guan, X. Dai*, J. Ye*, S. Huang, I. Burgess, Modelling of composite fin-plate connections under fire conditions using component-based method, Engineering Structures, 264 (2022) 114451, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2022.114451
 D. Rush*, X. Dai, D. Lange, Tisova Fire Test – fire behaviours and lessons learnt, Fire Safety Journal, 121 (2021) 103261, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2020.103261
 J. Jiang, Y.L. Lu, X. Dai*, G.Q. Li, W. Chen, J.H. Ye, Disproportionate collapse of steel-framed gravity buildings under travelling fires, Engineering Structures, 245 (2021) 112799, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.112799
Project Title: Co-Creating Inclusive Active Spaces: Empowering Teen Girls through Digital Interventions
The proposed project aims to co-produce more equitable, inclusive, and active urban spaces with teenage girls through digital methods and interventions. The project acknowledges that cities are often designed by able-bodied white men for men, resulting in exclusive and dominantly masculine spaces that hinder the engagement of women and girls. The project seeks to address this issue by conducting co-production workshops with teenage girls to redesign existing and active green space.
The research will involve the use of digital tools and techniques such as 3D scanning, augmented reality, and virtual reality to involve the girls in the design process and create new digital interventions to improve and co-design the spaces.
The project aligns with the CEBE vision and priorities in STEAM by using technology for the public good and addressing societal challenges:
- Green, digital, smart, and sustainable cities, construction, environment and living/working places.
- Emerging and advanced technologies with applications into key priority application domains such as Digital Health, Digital Built Environment, Smart Manufacturing and Digital Productivity.
The project contributes to our faculty’s equity, diversity, and inclusion goals by empowering teenage girls and addressing the underrepresentation of women in urban planning and design. The project also has internationalisation aims as the approach and outcomes can be replicated in other cities globally, contributing to more inclusive urban planning and design practices.
The project is interdisciplinary, drawing from various disciplines such as urban planning, human geography, urban design, computer science, and user experience design. The proposed team has experience in interdisciplinary research and aims to explore synergies and common ground through teenage girls' experiences of the city.
The project's aims and objectives include understanding teenage girls' experiences of active spaces, co-designing inclusive and safe spaces using digital research methods, developing interactive digital interventions, and generating transferable design principles and prototypes. The project will be carried out through scoping the field, conducting co-design workshops, trialling, and evaluating digital interventions, and organising workshops with stakeholders.
The outputs and outcomes of the project include academic papers, presentations at conferences, and future grant applications. Non-academic outputs include influencing local policies and practices, creating more inclusive active spaces, and establishing partnerships for further collaboration. The project will also contribute to the development of digital society research skills for the team members and engage teenage girls in critical digital inquiry.
The project will handle data in accordance with GDPR and ethical protocols, ensuring data security, and sharing in line with guidance. Ethical considerations include obtaining consent, respecting participants' rights and dignity, and ensuring research transparency and integrity. Ethics approval will be sought from the institutional ethics committee.
Anticipated Findings and Contribution to Knowledge
The proposed research project aims to investigate the experiences of teenage girls in urban environments and explore the potential of digital interventions in creating safe and inclusive spaces for them. The anticipated research findings from this project will represent a significant contribution to new knowledge in several key areas.
Firstly, the project will provide insights into the specific challenges and needs faced by teenage girls in urban settings. By conducting interviews, surveys, and observational studies, the research will shed light on the factors that impact their sense of safety, well-being, and participation in physical activities. This understanding will contribute to a more nuanced understanding of the barriers and opportunities for girls' empowerment in urban environments.
Secondly, the project will explore the effectiveness of digital tools and interventions in addressing these challenges. By developing and implementing digital solutions such as mobile applications or online platforms, the research will assess their impact on the girls' experiences and engagement. This will offer valuable insights into how technology can be harnessed to create inclusive spaces that promote girls' agency, social connections, and physical activity.
Furthermore, the project aims to develop principles and guidelines for designing gender-responsive urban spaces. By analysing the research findings and engaging with stakeholders, the project will generate recommendations for urban planners, policymakers, and community organisations to create more equitable and inclusive cities. These recommendations will contribute to the emerging field of gender-responsive urban design and provide practical strategies for fostering safe and empowering environments for teenage girls.
The anticipated research findings from this project will contribute to new knowledge by advancing our understanding of the experiences of teenage girls in urban environments, exploring the potential of digital interventions, and providing actionable recommendations for creating more gender-responsive cities. This knowledge will have implications for urban planning, public policy, and community development, ultimately working towards the goal of creating inclusive and empowering spaces for all.