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Geraldine is a sociologist and transdisciplinary scholar with a keen interest in vulnerable groups and people who are defined as ‘out of place’ or who are excluded.
Founder of the interdisciplinary field of Abuse Studies & designer of the first generic degrees globally in this area. Geraldine is passionate about applied and community-engaged teaching of social science, bolstering employability and centreing co-production of learning between students, tutors and communities. As a scholar activist with Romani heritage, Geraldine believes in the role of education to change lives, society and the world, through activities such as: civic engagement, participatory research, knowledge exchange, enterprise and widening participation to challenge power relationships.
Areas of Expertise
- Abuse Studies and safeguarding
- Racisms in society
- Community development and social inclusion
- Vulnerability, risk and adults (incl. abuse of older people)
- NGO and voluntary action studies
- Participatory action research and community co-researching
- Transnational higher education and pedagogy development
- Sociology of health, illness and the body
- Sociology of work, organisations and Employment
- Innovation and inclusion in HE curriculum development
- 2017 PGCert Strategic Management and Leadership, CMI
- 2003 Diploma in Hypnotherapy, CECCH
- 1994 PhD Sociology (Plymouth University)
- 1990 BA (Hons) Sociology (North Staffordshire Polytechnic/Staffordshire University)
- Fellow of the Chartered Management Institute (CMI)
- European Sociological Assocation
- Virtual Abuse and Safeguarding Group (Founder)
Geraldine's HE teaching & pedagogical experience ranges from foundation teaching to successful doctoral supervision and all levels in between, in applied social studies, sociology, social policy, criminology, community studies, abuse studies, research methods and public, community and voluntary sector studies.
At BCU Geraldine contributes to:
- BA Criminology
Since the 1990s, Dr Lee-Treweek has been writing, publishing and researching in sociology and interdisciplinary social science. Her current writing is mainly focused on racisms in the context of community, migration from Europe to the UK, the experiences of gypsy, traveller and Roma communities and feminist approaches to abuse and safeguarding.
Dr Lee-Treweek’s research profile demonstrates achievement across her career in publication, winning funding and successfully implementing projects, in a host of knowledge exchange activities primarily around anti-racism, supporting excluded groups, community development and HE enhancement. She has been entered for the REF (and before this the RAE) since 1996, contributing to the academic strength and integrity of the institutions she was working within for each round (Stirling University, 1996, UoA Sociology; Open University 2001, UoA PAM; MMU 2008, UoA PAM; MMU 2014, UoA Social Work and Social Policy)..
In the last decade Dr Lee-Treweek has written and led KE EU funded strategic partnerships, in the areas of youth work and refugee support and HE capacity building, particularly in the Balkans and across Europe. In the Balkans the lion’s share of projects have examined development of early year’s teacher training, where she has been able to contribute to development of young child safeguarding approaches. Dr Lee-Treweek has led and been a Consortium partner, for projects on practitioner online learning development around refugee support (PAPYRUS, EU project), social inquiry-based HE learning methodologies (REFLECT LAB, EU project) and internationalisation of the curriculum (Skyping in the World, MMU seed funding). Moreover, as creator and Consortium lead of the PAPYRUS project, she designed the model of online learning for a digital learning toolkit for youth workers across Europe. This included creating a platform for the delivery of materials with web designers, designing a pedagogic model for the structure, content and style of the modules and modeling evaluation tools.
2018. Erasmus+ KA2 Strategic Partnership for HE, ‘Keep Educating Yourself (KEY), creating a CPD programme and Curriculum for Early Years Professionals in Serbia and Montenegro’, 350,000 euro, BCU lead, Geraldine Lee-Treweek, running December 2018 to November 2021.
2016. ERASMUS+ KA2, HE Capacity Building. ‘Curriculum Harmonisation through Developing Core Competencies in Early Years Teacher Training and Childhood Studies Degrees in Bosnia’ (TEACHER) 300,000 euro, 89,000 for MMU. Lead: University of Travnik, Bosnia, lead at MMU, G. Lee-Treweek, running Oct 2016-October 2019.
2016. Erasmus+ KA2 ‘Use of Inquiry Based Learning to support University Lecturers and Students learning about xenophobia and race hatred in schools’ (REFLECT LAB) 200,000 total, with £48,000 for MMU. Lead: Hannover University, Lead at MMU, Geraldine Lee-Treweek, running 2016-2018.
2016. Erasmus+ KA2 ‘Professional Approaches to Practice with Youth Refugees and Asylum Seekers’ (PAPYRUS). 270,000 Euro total, with 80,000 for MMU. Principal Investigator, bid writer and Lead of Consortium, Geraldine Lee-Treweek, running 2017-2019.
2013. Tempus 2013-2016 ‘Harmonisation of Degree Level Pre-School Teacher Training Curricula in HE Colleges in Serbia’ (TEACH) – 300,000 Euro total, with £100k for MMU. Principal Investigator, G.Lee-Treweek. Successfully completed.
2013 Sir Halley Stewart Trust (2013), Study of Migrant Poles, nearly 10 years after their move to Crewe. £22k, PI’s, Dr Steve French (Keele University) and Dr Geraldine-Lee-Treweek (joint bid).
2010. ‘Total Communities Project on Troubled Families and Integrated Family Support in Primary Schools, contract research for Cheshire East Council.’ (14K), Principal Investigator, G. Lee-Treweek.
2010, Professionals’ Understandings of Vulnerable Adult Safeguarding Policy and Responsibilities, Cheshire Healthwatch, £14,000. Academic Lead: G. Lee-Treweek.
2010, Schools Stand Up 2 Racism, A Collaborative Study between the Cheshire, Halton and Chester Race and Equality Centre and MMU Cheshire to Examine Racism in Cheshire High Schools’ Funder: Big Lottery, £350k with £150k for MMU, Principal Investigator, G. Lee-Treweek.
2009. KTP funding, MMU collaborating with Wulvern Housing Association. Development of a neighbourhood sustainability monitoring system (WINS), community engagement techniques and business management associated with community development. 100K.Academic Lead: G. Lee-Treweek. Running 2009-2011.
2009, ‘Migrant Aspirations in Cheshire and Warrington’ North West Development Agency, £15,000, Principal Investigator, Dr G. Lee-Treweek.
2006, North West Universities Social Cohesion Fund, ‘Changing Communities under A8 Migration; the lives of migrant Polish adults in South Cheshire’. £66,000. Principal Investigator, Dr Geraldine Lee-Treweek’.
2000, ‘Experiences of Young Carers in Stirlingshire’, £5,000, PIs, Dr Susan Eley and Dr Geraldine Lee-Treweek, Princess Royal Trust for Carers, Stirling.
1999, University of Stirling Development of Research Fund, ‘Patient Lay Understandings of Structural and Cranial Osteopathic Treatment’, £5,000, Principal Investigator, G. Lee-Treweek, Running 1999-2001.
Supervision of four doctoral candidates to completion and one professional doctorate. Currently on the supervisory team for one doctoral candidate. The topics supervised in the past and currently include:
- Sexuality in nursing and residential care for older people
- Sociology of mental health and wellbeing
- The phenomenology of osteopathic treatment
- Abuse and safeguarding and families and homicide and experiences of migration.
Candidates have used the following methods:
- Grounded theory approaches
- Digital and online ethnography (netography)
- Survey methods.
Lee-Treweek, G. and S. Linkogle (eds) (2000) Danger in the Field: Ethics and Risk in Social Research. London:Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-19322-2.
Lee-Treweek, G. Heller, T. Spurr, S. and McQueen, H. (eds) (2004) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: a reader. London: Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-35158-8.
Heller, T. Lee-Treweek, G. Stone, J and Katz, J. (eds) (2004) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine by London: Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-351-618.
Lee-Treweek, G. Heller, T., McQueen, H., Katz, J., Stone, J. and Spurr, S. (eds) (2005) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Structures and safeguards, London: Routledge. ISBN: 0-415-351-634.
Refereed Journal Articles:
Bennett, J. Lee-Treweek, G. and Vandeyar, S. (2015) Contested Spaces: ethnicity and race in the world’s classrooms. Special edition of Power and Education on Race and Ethnicity in the Classroom. Vol.7 (2), 135-142.
Bennett, J. and Lee-Treweek, G. (2014) ‘Doing Race: how secondary school pupils in mainly white schools construct "race"’ Power and Education, Vol.6, No.1. pp.75-87. Pp. 75-87. (50% and 50% author contributions).
Lee-Treweek, G. Wettergren, E. and Taylor, S. (2013) ‘Editorial, special edition on transmigration, emotions and labour,’ International Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotion, Vol 5. No.3.pp.209-213. (50%, 30%, 20%)
Lee-Treweek, G. (2013) ‘“Sometimes I just wish I never hear of this term bilingual worker,” difficult clients, emotion work and interpreting with migrants.’ International Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotions, vol.5, no.3. pp. 296-315.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2010) ‘Be Tough, Never Let Them See What It Does To You: towards an understanding of the emotional Lives of economic migrants’, International Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotions, Vol. 4, no. 1. Pp.107-119.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2006) ‘Emotions in CAM: aromatherapists and emotional labour’ in The International Journal of Work, Organisations and Emotions. Vol. 2. No.3. pp.175-191.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2002) ‘Trust in Complementary Medicine: The Case of Cranial Osteopathy.’ Sociological Review Vol. 50, No.1, pp. 221-233/
Lee-Treweek, G. (2001) 'I'm not ill, it's just this back: osteopathic treatment, responsibility and back problems' Health, an Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health and Illness. Vol. 5 (1), pp.53-65.
Lee-Treweek. G. (1997) ‘Women, Resistance and Care: An Ethnography of Nursing Auxiliary Work’. Work, Employment and Society, Vol 10, no. 4. pp.150-164. Also reprinted in D. Harper and H. Lawson (eds) (2003) The Cultural Study of Work, Lanham, US: Rowman and Littlefield.
Lee-Treweek, G. (1994) ‘Bedroom Abuse; the Hidden Work in A Nursing Home.' Generations Review, Vol. 10. (1) pp34-40. ISSN 0738-7806 Also reprinted in J. Johnson and C. De Souza (2009) Understanding Health and Social Care: a reader. London: Sage Publications, in association with the Open University.
Chapters in Edited Books:
Lee-Treweek, G. (2012) ‘Falling through the cracks in social welfare: invisible adult migrants in the UK’more in J. Katz, and S. Peace (eds) Adulthood: a Lifecourse Perspective, Bristol: Policy Press.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2012) ‘Managing ‘dirty’ migrant identities: Migrant Labour and the Neutralisation of Dirty Work through ‘Moral’ Group Identity’ in R. Simpson, N. Slutskaya, P.Lewis and H. Hopfl (eds) Dirty Work Concepts and Identities, London: Palgrave McMillan.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2010) ‘Born to it and then pushed out of it: folk healers in the new medical marketplace’ in S. Maclean and R. Moore (eds.) The Root, The Wand and The Crystal: folk healing and change in the UK, London: Berghahn.
Bourne-Day, J. and Lee-Treweek, G. (2008) ‘Interconnecting Lives: examining privacy as a shared concern for the researched and researchers’ in R. Stake and B. Jegatheesan (eds) Access, A Zone of Comprehension and Intrusion. London: Elseviers.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2005) ‘Knowledge, names, fraud and trust in complementary therapy’ in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, H. MacQueen and S. Spurr, (eds). Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: structures and safeguards, London: Routledge.
Williams, L. Stone, J. and Lee-Treweek, G. (2005) ‘Education and training in CAM,’ in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, H. MacQueen and S. Spurr, (eds). Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: structures and safeguards, London: Routledge.
Stone, J. and Lee-Treweek, G. ‘Regulation and control,’ in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, H. MacQueen and S. Spurr, (eds). Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: structures and safeguards, London: Routledge.
Saks, M and Lee-Treweek, G (2005) ‘Political power and professionalism,’ in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, H. MacQueen and S. Spurr, (eds). Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: structures and safeguards, London: Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Nichols, P. (2005) ‘Homeopathy: principles, practice and controversies.’ in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, H. MacQueen and S. Spurr, (eds) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine: structures and safeguards, London: Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Thomson, H. (2005) ‘Accora the healer: a case study of fraudulent identity in healing’. In G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, Katz, J., Spurr, S. (eds) London Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine, a Reader.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2001) ‘Osteopathic treatment, responsibility and back problems’, in G. Lee-Treweek, T. Heller, Katz, J., Spurr, S. (eds) London Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine, a Reader.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2005) ‘Complementary therapies, diversity, consumption and change’ in T. Heller, G. Lee-Treweek, J. Stone and J. Katz (eds) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine London: Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2005) ‘Critical issues in the therapeutic relationships’, in T. Heller, G. Lee-Treweek, J. Stone and J. Katz (eds) Perspectives in Complementary and Alternative Medicine. London: Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Oerton, S. (2003) ‘The growth of complementary and alternative medicine, challenges for the future’ in C. Davies, (ed.) The Future Health Workforce. London:Palgrave.
Lee-Treweek, G. (2000) ‘The insight of emotional danger: research experiences in a home for older People’ in G. Lee-Treweek and S. Linkogle (eds) Danger in the Field: Ethics and Risk in Social Research. London:Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Linkogle, S. (2000) ‘Putting Danger in the Frame: qualitative researcher risk’, in G. Lee-Treweek and S. Linkogle (eds) Danger in the Field: Ethics and Risk in Social Research. London:Routledge.
Lee-Treweek, G. Emotions, order and emotional power in care assistant work'. In J. Gabe and V. James (eds) Health Care and Emotions pp. 115-132. (1997) London: Blackwell.
Published Peer Reviewed Working Papers:
Lee-Treweek, G. (1995) Understanding Paid Care Work: Towards a new critique. University of Manchester Occasional papers Series. ISBN 0 946180423.
Reports for External Bodies
Lee-Treweek, G., Hoffin, K. and Brown, M. (2019) ‘The Early Years Education System and CPD Possibilities for Delivery and Content in the UK and Balkans’, Erasmus+ KEY Project Report.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Leydon, G. (2016) Final Report on the TEMPUS TEACH Early Years Project, Serbia. Belgrade: Serbian EU National Agency.
Bennett, J. Lee-Treweek, G. and Kapoor, N. (2013) Schools Stand Up 2 Racism: final report to the Big Lottery fund. London: Big Lottery Fund.
O’Shea, P., Reichenfeld, L., Lee-Treweek, G. (2011) KTP Final Report Wulvern Housing Association/MMU: Development of a neighbourhood sustainability monitoring system (WINS), community engagement techniques and business management associated with community development.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Bradbury, L. (2011) Total Communities Project Report: supporting troubled families in Crewe, report to Cheshire East Council.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Gorna, B. (2011) Report on A8 Migrant Worker Aspirations in Cheshire and Warrington, North West Development Agency and Cheshire and Warrington Economic Alliance..
Lee-Treweek, G and Bradbury, L. (2010) Social Care Professionals’ Understandings of Notions of Vulnerable Adult Safeguarding, Cheshire: Healthwatch.
Lee-Treweek, G. and Gorna, B. (2008) Community Perceptions of Economic Migration in Crewe. Manchester Metropolitan University, Unpublished report to the Higher EducationFunding Council for England (HEFCE), Cheshire, (available from the authors).
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