Reader in Environmental Governance / Associate Professor
- 0121 331 5404
Claudia is Associate Professor in the field of interdisciplinary environmental research and environmental governance. Her research relates to climate change and sustainability adopting social-ecological systems thinking/approaches. Poignant areas of interest are the opportunities and barriers to 'low-impact' living and the emergence of transition initiatives/towns and degrowth movement. Claudia studied geography and environmental management and for many years worked in academic and applied research on environmental policy and management, environmental values, public and stakeholder engagement, critical evaluation, and interdisciplinary research approaches. She joined Birmingham City University in 2011 as a researcher and lecturer teaching and supervising undergraduate and postgraduate students. Since 2011 she has been Associate Editor (Socio-Economics) of the journal Environmental Values.
Current/recent research projects include (i) DT-Uni – Design Thinking Approach for an Interdisciplinary University project under the Erasmus+ programme of the European Union; (ii) development of PARTICIPOLOGY, a resource to engage people in participative planning, decision-making and training using a board game format; (iii) work packages 9 and 10 of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment (NEA) Follow-On programme focusing on assessing and developing tools to take account of the Ecosystem Approach in decision-making; and (ivii) collaboration in the Rural Economy and Land Use programme (RELU) - funded project 'Managing change at the rural-urban fringe'.
Past posts included Project Leader/Social Scientist at the Forestry Commission's Research Agency - Forest Research (Farnham, England; 2006-2011); Researcher in the Socio-Economic Research Group (SERG) of the Macaulay Institute (Aberdeen, Scotland; 2002-2006), Research Associate in the Department of Land Economy at the University of Cambridge (1998-2001). For more information about Claudia's work and current research, please contact her via email@example.com.
Claudia leads and contributes to several modules on undergraduate and postgraduate courses relating to the built and natural environment, environmental governance, and the interface between social, economic and environmental interests.
Claudia currently teaches on the following courses:
Areas of Expertise
- Environmental governance:
- Environmental and climate change
- Holistic, participatory and creative approaches to environmental planning and management
- Beyond risk: uncertainty and complexity
- Institutional analysis
- Interdisciplinary research
- Research methods (especially qualitative and mixed methods)
- MA (Hons) Geography (1993)
- MSc Environmental Management (1995)
- Postgraduate Certificate, Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (2013)
- Postgraduate Diploma, Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (2017)
- Master of Education, Academic Practice in Higher Education (2018)
- 2019 – present: Chartered Member Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI)
- 2017 - present: Member of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE) and the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE)
- 2014 - present: Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)
- 2007-2008 Member of the British Sociology Association
- 2005-2006: Member of the Society for Social Studies of Science
- 1998-2004: Member of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE) and the International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE)
- 1999-2004: Secretary of the European Society for Ecological Economics (ESEE)
- 2000-2003: Member of the Board of ESEE
- 1996-2001: Member of the Science, Technology, Engineering and Medicine Public Relations Association (STEMPRA)
- Honours Research Project (Level 6, 15 credit module); Tutor 2011-
- Introduction to the Built Environment (Level 4, 20 credits); Tutor 2017-
- Pillars of Planning (Level 4, 15 credit module); Tutor 2014-2015
- Professional Practice Project (Level 5, 30 credit module), Module Leader 2018-19
- SMART Policies and Plans (Level 5, 15 credit module); Tutor 2011-2012; Module Leader 2012-2016
- Smart Policies and Plans (Level 5, 20 credits); Module Leader 2018-
- Sustainable Development (Level 6, 15 credit module); Tutor 2011-2013
- Sustaining the Built and Natural Environment (Level 4, 15 credit module); Tutor 2011-2012; Module leader 2012-2014
- Agents of Environmental Planning (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2015-2017
- Dynamic Natural Environments (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2014-2016
- Complexity, Conflict and Resolution (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2015-2017
- Foundations of Planning (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2015-2017
- Foundations of Planning (Level 7, 20 credits); Tutor 2017-
- Governance in the Built and Natural Environment (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2015-2017
- Governance in Built and Natural Environment (Level 7, 20 credits); Module Leader 2018-
- Law and Environmental Governance (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2011-2013; Module Leader for MSc Environmental Sustainability cohort 2013-2015
- Placemaking (Level 7, 20 credits); Tutor 2017-
- Policies and Plans (Level 7, 15 credits); Tutor 2011-2015; Module Leader 2016-2018
- Research Project (Level 7, 60 credits); Tutor 2011-2013; Module Leader 2013-2018; Supervisor 2013-
- Society, Economy and Environment (Level 7, 15 credits); Module Leader 2013-2017
Claudia has previously taught on the following courses:
Claudia is a geographer and environmental manager with an academic and applied research background. Her research experience and interests concern:
- Environmental governance issues, particularly eliciting different perspectives and values concerning environmental policy, land use planning and environmental management across different scales; civic society driven/inclusive processes; participatory monitoring and evaluation; environmental management; institutional analysis of environmental issues; transition movement/degrowth.
- Human-nature relationship, especially landscape perceptions and values; joined-up and participatory spatial planning; meaning, influence and significance of nature in people’s lives.
- Methodology, interdisciplinary approaches to research and environmental management; innovative methods and cross-cutting approaches to address complex problems; reflective and critical appraisal; links to theory and development of conceptual frameworks.
Current/recent research projects:
- 2019 to 2022: ‘STEAM INC. – STEAM Innovation and Curriculum’ project (2019-1-UK01-KA203-062032) funded by the British Council as part of the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union. BCU is the Lead Partner. My role has been as bid idea generator and co-writer and a Co-Investigator during the funded period. Euros 404,979.
- 2017: BCU-funded Student-Academic Partner (SAP) project on ‘BCU Environment Hub – Phase 1’. Academic project leader. 150 hours of student time; total: £1,110.
2017: RTPI-funded project on ‘Gain from Playing the Planning Game: developing a board-game based resource for use in schools and outreach events’. Project leader. £4,500 with additional co-funding.
- 2014 to 2016: ESRC-funded project on ‘Maximising the Impact of Games as Effective Knowledge Exchange Tools: The Rufopoly Resource Kit’. Co-Investigator (led by Alister Scott). £125,000. Publicly available output: PARTICIPOLOGY
- 2012 to 2014: UNEP WMC National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-On (UK NEA FO) research funded by UK Research Councils, Defra and Welsh Government on ‘Tools: Applications, Benefits and Linkages for Ecosystems (TABLES)’. Project combines work on two work packages: WP9 Engagement with end users and development of a framework to prioritise tool development; WP10 Development and enhancement of tools and resources taking forward findings from the UK NEA. Co-investigator (led by Alister Scott). £200,000.
- 2010 to 2012: RELU-funded research project on ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Rural-Urban Fringe’. Co-Investigator (led by Alister Scott). £145,000.
October 2019: Student Futures Project was shortlisted for the RTPI West Midlands Planning Excellence Award 2019. https://www.rtpi.org.uk/the-rtpi-near-you/rtpi-west-midlands/awards/
October 2018: Led the ‘Planning Game’ project which used the Participology resource to develop the Place Makers board game and was awarded the Chair’s Award for RTPI West Midlands in recognition of the regional and national impact of the game to help future generations understand the work of planners and attract young people into the profession.
June 2016: Participology (www.participology.com) was shortlisted for the ‘Sir Peter Hall Award for Wider Engagement’ as part of the Royal Town Planning Institute awards for excellence in planning research. Whilst it did not win it received significant press attention and public exposure in what is the planning profession’s annual showcase of planning research across the UK.
June 2014: The National Ecosystem Approach Toolkit (NEAT) was shortlisted under the ‘Innovative Practice in Decision-Making’ category of the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) Planning Excellence Awards.
July 2007: Howard League Community Programme Award for ‘Outstanding Scheme’ for the Offenders and Nature Projects initiated by the Forestry Commission (FC) and researched and documented by Forest Research (FR). (Lead researcher and lead author of several publications; put the schemes forward for the award)
- Veronica Barry (PhD student, BCU) ‘A place for food: a critical exploration of the role of food in healthy planning in the UK’ (2014-). Co-supervisor(Sep 2018-)
- Louis Durrant (PhD student, BCU) In Search of Landscape Scale Community Development Ideas (2016-). Director of Studies
- Rosmarie Katrin Neumann (PhD student, BCU/Newcastle University) Adoption and Implementation of Scientific Knowledge for Political Decision-making – Ecosystem Services of Peatlands Case Study (2014-). Co-supervisor (2014-15)
Successful PhD Completions:
- Steven Vella (PhD Planning, 2014-2018). ‘Social Impact Assessment as a vehicle to better understand and improve Stakeholder Participation within Urban Development Planning. The Maltese Case’. Main supervisor: Prof Mark Reed (BCU / University of Newcastle); Director of Studies 2017-2018.
- Vanesa Castan-Broto (Eng.D. Surrey University & Forest Research, 2005-2009). ‘Perspectives on coal ash pollution’, the main topic within the project being the incorporation of a sociological perspective into planning and technology development. Co-supervisor 2006-2009.
Claudia covers both social and natural sciences and adopts interdisciplinary approaches in her research. Her published work as author and editor comes in a range of formats including academic journal articles, book chapters, policy briefs (paper, pdf and video), features in environmental and planning magazines and numerous research reports and summaries. The following list is a selection of publications from the past 15 years.
Burns, K., C. Carter, Z. Ahmed and S. Sisay (forthcoming) ‘The use of design thinking in non-design contexts – a journey and experience'. Conference Proceedings IASDR 2019. (International Association of Societies of Design Research Conference 2019: Design Revolutions. Manchester, 2-5 September 2019).
Obremski, H. and Carter, C.E. (2019) ‘Can self-build housing improve social sustainability within low-income groups?’ Town Planning Review, 90(2): 167-193.
Carter, C.(2019) ‘Focusing on Relational Matters to Overcome Duality’, Editorial, Environmental Values 28(2): 135-140.
Carter, C. (2019) ‘“Design for the Real” World CPD Event’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 101 (Summer 2019): 9-11.
Carter, C. (2019) ‘People, Games and Planning’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 100 (Spring 2019): 11-13.
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Assimilation, Blind Spots and Coproduced Crises’ Editorial, Environmental Values 27(1): 1-7.
Scott, A.J., Carter, C., Hardman, M., Grayson, N. and Slaney, T. (2018) ‘Mainstreaming ecosystem science in spatial planning practice: exploiting a hybrid opportunity space’. Land Use Policy. 70: 232-246. Open access via Science Direct
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Viability Assessments: An inexact science of ensuring profitability’, CPD Event Report, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 99 (Winter 2018): 17-21.
Carter, C. (2018) ‘Air Quality Regulations CPD – Their impact on planning and development’, Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 98 (Summer 2018): 19-22.
Carter, C. (2017) ‘Lest thou forget not thy roots’… Planning and Health Seminar, Birmingham, 26 September 2017. Tripwire (Magazine of the R.T.P.I. West Midlands) Issue 95 (Autumn 2017): 10-13.
Carter, C. and Smith, T. (2017) ‘Building on Polanyi to strengthen the social and relational aspects of social ecological economics’. European Society for Ecological Economics conference, Budapest, 20-23 June 2017.
Franchina, A., A.J. Scott and C.E. Carter (2017) The Green Living Spaces Plan: Evaluation and Future Prospects. Research Report to Birmingham City Council. Birmingham: Birmingham City University (56pp).
Franchina, A., Scott, A. and Carter, C. (2017) ‘Changing the nature of GI city governance in Birmingham: A policy and practice evaluation’. International conference on Panacea Green Infrastructure? Essen, Germany, 16-17 February 2017.
Carter, C. (2016) 'Faults of Our Reality?' Editorial. Environmental Values, 25 (6). pp. 633-637. ISSN 09632719
Carter, C. (2016) ‘Considering the rural-urban nexus for England’s Open Environment’. Annual International Conference of the Royal Geographical Society on ‘Nexus thinking’, London, 31 August - 2 September 2016.
Carter, C. and Reed, M. (2016) ‘Parks and climate change: Challenges to the protected area landscape and emerging policy and management responses’. In: T. Hammer, I. Mose, D. Siegrist and N. Weixlbaumer (Eds) Parks of the Future! Protected areas in Europe challenging regional and global change. Munich: Oekom, pp. 37-46
Carter, C. (2015) Assessing the potential for ecosystem-based thinking at the landscape scale focusing on city regions. In: Annual International Conference of the Royal Geographical Society on ‘Geographies of the Anthropocene’, Exeter
Carter, C. (2015) ‘Denial and Despair’ Editorial, Environmental Values 24(5): 577-580.
Attlee, A.C., Reed, M.S., Carter, C.E., Scott, A.J., Vella, S., Hardman, M. and Neumann, R.K. (2015) Tools for assessing ecosystem services futures: a review. CAB reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 10: 1-13
Carter, C., Scott, A., Grace, M., Water, R. and Reed, M. S. (2015) Taking the landscape scale to the extreme: Insights for planning from taking a social-ecological systems view. In: UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference ‘Future Planning, Future Cities’, London
Carter, C. (2015) Making wicked problems game for planning. UK-Ireland Planning Research Conference ‘Future Planning, Future Cities’, London
Carter, C. and Scott, A. and Adams, D. (2015) Learning lessons from Rufopoly as a participatory tool, November 2011 to March 2015, Work Package 1 Report. Project Report. Birmingham City University
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Climate Change, Irreversible Change and Changing Perspectives’, Environmental Values 23(5): 497-500
Scott, A. and C. Carter (2014) Improving policy- and decision-making in peri-urban areas, Town and Country Planning September 2014: 405-406
Scott, A., C. Carter, O. Hölzinger, M. Everard, D. Rafaelli (Report Review Editor), M. Hardman, J. Baker, K. Leach, R. Wakeford, M. Reed, M. Grace, T. Sunderland, R. Waters, R. Corstanje, R. Glass, N. Grayson, J. Harris and A. Taft (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on Work Package Report 10: Tools – Applications, Benefits and Linkages for Ecosystem Science (TABLES). UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.160pp.
Carter, C. (2013) ‘Equity, Ethics and Evidence in Environmental Governance’, Environmental Values 22(5): 561-566
Scott, A.J., C. Carter, M.R. Reed, P. Larkham, D. Adams, N. Morton, R. Waters, D. Collier, C. Crean, R. Curzon, R. Forster, P. Gibbs, N. Grayson, M. Hardman, A. Hearle, D. Jarvis, M. Kennet, K. Leach, M. Middleton, N. Schiessel, B. Stonyer and R. Coles (2013) Disintegrated Development at the Rural-Urban Fringe: Re-connecting spatial planning theory and practice, Progress in Planning 83 (July): 1-52.
Carter, C. (2013) 'Applying the ecosystem approach to improve policy and decision making processes: making a tool of yourself', RGS-IBG Annual Conference, London (with A.J. Scott, M. Everard and M. Hardman)
Ambrose-Oji, B., C. Carter, A. Lawrence and D. Moseley (2012) UK Planning Systems: Integrating Woodlands and Trees. A Scoping Study. Farnham, UK: Forest Research, 63pp
Carter, C. (2012) 'From risk-based model to pro-active and adaptive management: 'The Birmingham Project'. Cardiff International Conference on Sustainable Place-Making, October (with N. Grayson)
Scott, A.J., C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Reconnecting the built and natural environment divide in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Scott, A.J., N. Morton, R. Curzon, C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Understanding connections by crossing boundaries in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Schiessel, N., A.J. Scott, C. Carter et al. (2012) ‘Managing contested values in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Carter, C. et al. (2012) ‘Adapting for the long-term in the rural urban fringe’, Video policy brief, RELU grant award for ‘Managing Environmental Change at the Fringe’ (ES/H037217/1)
Morris, J., O'Brien, E., Ambrose-Oji, B., Lawrence, A., Carter C. and Peace, A. (2011) 'Access for all? Barriers to accessing woodlands and forests in Britain', 16(4): 375-396
Ambrose-Oji, B., Tabbush, P., Carter, C., Frost, B. and Fielding, K. (2011) Public engagement in forestry: a toolbox for public participation in forest and woodland planning. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh
Carter, C. and Scott, A.J. (2011) 'Spatial planning - new opportunities for environmental governance', Government Gazette (October) pp. 46-47
Selman, P., C. Carter, A. Lawrence and C. Morgan (2010) ‘Re-connecting with a recovering river through imaginative engagement’, Ecology and Society 15(3): 18 [online]
Castán Broto V., Burningham, K.,Carter, C. and Elghali, L. (2010) 'Stigma and attachment: performance of identity in an environmentally degraded place', Society and Natural Resources vol. 23 no. 10 pp. 952-968.
Carter, C. and Pycroft, A. (2010) 'Getting out: offenders in forestry and conservation work settings', in Brayford, J., Cowe, F. and Deering, J. (eds) What else works? Creative work with offenders. Willan, Uffculme.
Lawrence, A. and Carter, C. (2009) 'Human behavioural and institutional change', in Read, D. et al. (eds) Combating climate change - a role for UK forests. An assessment of the potential of the UK’s trees and woodlands to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The Stationery Office, Edinburgh.
Scott, A., Carter, C., Brown, K. and White, V. (2009) '"Seeing is not everything": exploring the landscape experiences of different publics', Landscape Research, 34(4): 397-424
Castán Broto, V., C. Carter and L. Elghali (2009) Research Note: ‘The governance of coal ash pollution in post-socialist times: power and expectations’. Environmental Politics, 18(2): 279-286.
Castán Broto, V., C. Carter and L. Elghali (2008) ‘Environmental Policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Post-socialism Development and Local Governance’ (A dramatised interpretation in one act). In: R. Hillerbrand and R. Karlsson Beyond the Global Village: Environmental Challenges Inspiring Global Citizenship. Oxford: Inter-Disciplinary Press. Probing the Boundaries Series, Volume 51. Chapter 2, pp 26-34. ISBN: 978-1-904710-50-9.
Carter, C. and L. O’Brien (2008) ‘Identity-building in the woods: Re-connecting with nature for health and wellbeing’. Ecos, 29(2): 33-41.
Spash, C.L. and C. Carter (2008) ‘Environmental Valuation in Europe: Findings from the Concerted Action’ (2001). In: J. Martinez-Alier and I. Røpke Recent Developments In Ecological Economics Volume 2. Chapter 9, pp. 125-140.
Dellantonio, A., W.J. Fitz, H. Custovic, F. Repmann, B.U. Schneider, H. Grünewald, V. Gruber, Z. Zgorelec, N. Zerem, C. Carter, M. Markovic, M. Puschenreiter, W.W. Wenzel (2008) ‘Environmental risks of farmed and barren alkaline coal ash landfills in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina’. Environmental Pollution, 153: 677-686.
O’Neill, J., C. Carter, K. Ekeli and W. Kenyon (2008) Representing Diversity in Participatory Approaches, PATH Policy Research Brief. Aberdeen, UK: Macaulay Institute.
Blackstock, K.L. and C.E. Carter (2007) ‘Operationalising sustainability science for a sustainability directive? Reflecting on three pilot projects’. The Geographical Journal, 173(4): 343-357.
Richards, C., K. Blackstock and C. Carter (2007, 2nd edition) ‘Practical Approaches to Participation’, SERG Policy Brief No. 1. Aberdeen: The Macaulay Institute. First edition: 2004
Carter, C. (2006) ‘Environmental Governance: The Power and Pitfalls of Participatory Processes’, Aberdeen Discussion Paper Series: People, Environment, Development. Aberdeen: The Macaulay Institute and University of Aberdeen. ISSN 1743-9965.
Carter, C. (2005) ‘The Role of Participatory Processes in Environmental Governance: The example of agricultural GMOs’. In: P.H. Feindt and J. Newig (eds) Partizipation, Öffentlichkeitsbeteiligung, Nachhaltigkeit: Perspektiven der politischen Ökonomie. Marburg: Metropolis-Verlag, pp. 181-207.
Carter, C. and Obremski, H. (2019) ‘Town Planning Review 90.2 Featured Article’, posted 28 March 2019. https://liverpooluniversitypress.blog/category/journals/
Carter, C. (2018) ‘What role can planning play in improving urban air quality?’, posted 14 September 2018. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/what-role-can-planning-play-in-improving-urban-air-quality/
Carter, C. (2017) ‘The healthy roots of planning’, posted 6 October 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/the-healthy-roots-of-planning/
Molnar, A. and Carter, C. (2017) ‘Visioning our EcoHub’, posted 11 July 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/visioning-our-ecohub/
Carter, C. (2017) ‘Conflicts and cheetahs’, posted 28 February 2017. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/conflict-and-cheetahs/
Carter, C. (2016) ‘Runway economics or plane stupid?’, posted 25 October 2016. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/runway-economics-or-plane-stupid/
Carter, C. (2016) ‘The Missing E and C’, posted 9 August 2016. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/the-missing-e-and-c/
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Environmental Values and Climate Change: New Perspectives and Challenges’, posted 1 October 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/environmental-values-and-climate-change-new-perspectives-and-challenges/
Carter, C. (2014) ‘Does Climate Change Change our Perspective and Actions?’, posted 27 September 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/does-climate-change-change-our-perspective-and-actions/
Carter, C. and D. Roberts (2014) ‘Bunking Off to Bunkers Hill’, posted 26 September 2014. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/bunking-off-to-bunkers-hill/
Carter, C. (2013) ‘From Co-Production to Performative Knowledge Exchange’, posted 1 July 2013. http://blogs.bcu.ac.uk/bsbe/from-co-production-to-performative-knowledge-exchange/
Links and Social Media
- Twitter: @cectweet
- LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/claudia-e-carter-36b840ab/
- ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Claudia_Carter
- Academia: https://bcu.academia.edu/ClaudiaCarter