Our Physiotherapy (pre-registration) Masters degree will develop your clinical leadership knowledge and skills over 3 different practice areas; including musculoskeletal, cardio respiratory and neurology. You will learn in specially built clinical skills rooms, with specialist space so you can get the best training possible.
The MSc Physiotherapy (pre-registration) is a qualifying programme for graduates with a suitable and relevant first degree and gives you an accelerated route into the profession. It is not for those who have already completed a qualification in Physiotherapy.
Development of key skills, including communication, research and professionalism will enable you to become a compassionate and competent practitioner who can deliver effective, evidence-based and quality-driven care.
Our next Open Day for this course will take place in Autumn 2018. Register your interest and we'll let you know details as soon as they are available.
You may be able to take advantage of the government’s plans to make loans of up to £10,609 available for postgraduate study.
You must have an Honours degree with a 2:1 or above in a relevant discipline such as biological sciences, physiology, sports science, chemistry and psychology. This list is not exhaustive and applicants with other subjects will be reviewed on an individual basis.
Please note, we may need to ask to see your undergraduate degree transcript and in some cases, will request further details about the content of individual modules.
You must also have GCSEs in mathematics and English at grade C or above.
If English is not your first language, you must have an IELTS score of 7.0, with no element below 6.5.
DBS Disclosure: satisfactory enhanced Disclosure and Barring Scheme (DBS) report
If you have lived outside the UK for six months or more in the past five years, we will need to see a criminal record check from the country you were living in. For applicants living in the Republic of Ireland, we will need to see an Irish Garda clearance.
Occupational Health Clearance: satisfactory occupational health clearance
A strong interest in working as a registered Physiotherapist with a demonstrated understanding of the role and the skills required to be a registered practitioner. It may be advantageous to have a caring capacity.
|MSc||Jan 2019||FT||2 years||£10,900 per year|
|MSc||Jan 2019||FT||2 years||£12,000 per year|
If you're unable to use the online form for any reason, you can complete our PDF application form and equal opportunities PDF form instead. The University reserves the right to increase fees in line with inflation based on the Retail Prices Index or to reflect changes in Government funding policies or changes agreed by Parliament up to a maximum of five per cent.
Your personal statement is a highly important part of your application. It gives you a crucial opportunity to say why you’re applying and why the institution should accept you and also provides evidence of a good command of written English.
Here are the key areas you’ll need to address in order to be considered
Why does this course appeal? What areas are of particular interest? Tell us about your commitment to studying physiotherapy.
Demonstrate an awareness of the breadth of the role of the physiotherapist and the skills required of a registered practitioner. Show us that you have an interest in and the ability to work with people in a caring role.
Mention any paid or voluntary work that is relevant, highlighting and reflecting on the skills and experience gained and how this will be useful in your chosen career as a physiotherapist.
Highlight skills gained at school/college/university, eg summer schools, mentoring activities, society roles.
eg Duke of Edinburgh Award, Young Enterprise scheme.
You should also talk about any subjects you’re studying that don’t have a formal assessment and any sponsorships or placements you’ve applied for. And don't be scared to add in details about your social, sports or leisure interests.
Get more information on writing personal statements.
All students studying this physiotherapy course will be expected to demonstrate the core values of the NHS Constitution. This will be assessed as part of the interview process (see below).
Your application will need to be supported by two references.
All offers made are subject to satisfactory health and enhanced criminal record checks.
After you accept the offer of a place, the link to download the Occupational Health form will be included in an email notifying you how to apply for DBS.
We expect all health and social care students to act in an honest and trustworthy manner and that your conduct, behaviour and attitudes are compatible at all times with your professional Code of Conduct. The Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) set criminal record checks as a requirement for entry to educational courses leading to an application for professional registration.
Before you commence on the course we will judge your good character through an enhanced DBS clearance. You are required to pay for the cost of this DBS check. No convictions or cautions are considered as ‘spent’ under the ‘exceptions’ allowed under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act, 1974. There is no time limit to some parts of the record.
Once you have fully enrolled on your course you must inform us about any involvement you have had with the Police or Social Services, including motoring offences.
If you have lived outside the UK for six months or more in the past five years, we will need to see a criminal record check from the country you were living in. For applicants living in the Republic of Ireland, we will need to see an Irish Garda clearance. You are required to pay for the cost of obtaining this clearance. The cost varies by country. More information on DBS including EU/overseas applications.
The Health & Care Professions Council (HCPC) set ‘good health’ requirements for entry to educational courses leading to professional registration. Good health is necessary to undertake practice and means that students must be capable of safe and effective practice with supervision throughout their course of study.
Expert advice to confirm good health will be received from the Occupational Health Department at Birmingham City University. If necessary, you will be invited for a medical examination and specialist advice may be requested. When students are required to attend Occupational Health for immunisations and vaccinations they will be asked to sign an agreement which states they will attend all required appointments. Failure to attend one or more appointment will result in additional costs to the student.
The health requirement is not a bar to registering for people with disabilities.
Once you have enrolled your course you are required to complete an annual declaration confirming that you continue to have at the point of re-enrolment.
Interviews are vital in ensuring your suitability for the programme in terms of your academic ability and understanding, evidence of oral communication skills, and motivation to pursue a career in Dietetics. It is also a way of finding out more about BCU and offers an opportunity to meet some of the programme team. Please allow sufficient time to participate in this event. Interview days will include both a group discussion and individual interviews and will involve input from clinical practice partners and service users.
This will take the format of a group discussion based on a current and topical issue relevant to the healthcare sector.
Applicants will be randomly allocated to a group. All groups will contain physiotherapy and dietetic applicants.
Informal observation of the group will take place the interview team.
The individual interview will consist of a series of multiple mini-interviews. There will be 5 stations each with a different focus which may include:
Each station will be scored by the interview team.
We offer a wide range of professionally accredited and vocational courses that require the purchase of, among other things, uniforms, equipment, subscriptions, professional body memberships and DBS checks, and may require you to pay to attend conferences or participate in placements.
The link below provides our estimate of the possible costs associated with key activities on specific courses. Please bear in mind that these are only estimates of costs based on past student experience and feedback. The actual costs to you could vary considerably (either greater or lower than these estimates) depending on your choices as you progress through the course. We set out where we can, based on experience, where these indicative costs are for activities that are optional or compulsory.
All our students are provided with 100 free pages of printing each year to a maximum total value of £15.
The cost of accommodation and other living costs are not included within your course fees. More information on the cost of accommodation can be found in our accommodation pages.
The course includes a combination of modules devoted to physiotherapy and three interprofessional modules, which will develop core skills for healthcare practice alongside other students on our pre-registration postgraduate courses. You will learn through activities including lectures, tutorials, learning workshops and practical classes.
Evidence-Based Professional Practice
This module will emphasise the underpinning philosophies of interprofessional collaboration and communication within health and social care, enabling shared learning across professional boundaries and facilitating the of the knowledge, skills and behaviour needed to deliver optimal care within a dynamic healthcare environment.
Foundations of Physiotherapy
This module is designed to enhance your prior knowledge of the structure and function of the human body, in order to build a foundation for physiotherapy practice with the emphasis on a client centred approach. The content of the module is focussed around four main themes; structure and function, pathophysiology, movement analysis and exercise in health and rehabilitation.
A strong emphasis will be given to the development of practical functional anatomy skills and the development of observational and handling skills including palpation which are required for practice. Your knowledge of normal structure and function will be applied to disorders commonly seen by physiotherapists such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, to assist with your understanding of the pathophysiology of the conditions. Case studies are used to set these studies into the appropriate contexts of practice to facilitate you in understanding the physical, psychological and social impact of acute and chronic dysfunction on the client and their relatives/carers.
Concepts and practices underpinning the role of exercise in health and as part of the rehabilitation process, both for acute and long-term conditions, are introduced. You will be supported to design, implement and evaluate safe and effective group and individual exercise programmes including approaches designed to support prevention, lifestyle change and self-management within a range of specialist populations. Throughout the module, the concept/importance of clinical reasoning will be reinforced ensuring that your skills, knowledge and behaviours are underpinned by the principles of evidence-based practice.
Neuromusculoskeletal Integrated Practice
This module is designed to prepare you for practice within the field of neuromusculoskeletal physiotherapy. Taught in parallel with the Foundations of Physiotherapy practice module which incorporates the study of musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology, this module will encourage you to integrate this knowledge to the assessment, treatment and management of common problems affecting the musculoskeletal system. The role of evidence-based education and advice to clients and their carers as part of a management plan will be explored.
The module investigates approaches to patient assessment including the vital tool of communication and requirements and methods of documentation and measurement. It will also introduce you to interventions such as massage and soft tissue techniques, manual therapy techniques and electrophysical modalities as well as emerging treatment options. These techniques will form a foundation which will be further developed in subsequent modules and practice placement.
This module will support you in making the transition from student to . You'll be able to negotiate an appropriate practice learning opportunity to support this module, based on your areas of interest.
This module is designed to prepare you for practice within the field of neurological physiotherapy by facilitating you to develop a reflective, problem- solving approach to the management of children and adults with neurological conditions. A range of learning and teaching opportunities will enable you to develop, integrate and synthesise your knowledge and understanding of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, neuropathology and human assess, plan, execute and evaluate rehabilitation programmes for individuals with a broad range of neurological dysfunction. The importance of clinical reasoning will again be emphasised (building upon skills introduced in previous modules) enabling you to select and apply appropriate therapeutic interventions underpinned by the principles of evidence-based practice. Emphasis will be placed on evaluating practice through seeking evidence of personal and treatment effectiveness.
To align with the highly practice-led, knowledge applied nature of the programme, you will be supported to understand the physical, psychological and social impact of acute, chronic, progressive and life-limiting neurological pathology and dysfunction on the client and their relatives/carers.
In this module, you can expect to engage with a range of blended learning opportunities including lectures, seminars delivered by specialist clinicians, practical skills workshops with service user involvement and E-learning activities. A case study approach will be utilised throughout the module to explore the contribution of physiotherapy to the management of clients presenting with neurological conditions with respect to interprofessional working and encourage reflection and critical evaluation of the role of the physiotherapy within the Neurological MDT.
Cardio Respiratory Evidence Based Practice
This module is designed to prepare you for practice within the field of cardio respiratory physiotherapy. A range of learning and teaching opportunities will enable you to develop a systematic understanding of the anatomy and physiology of the cardio respiratory system in both the non-diseased and disease states and understand the physical, psychological and social impact of acute and chronic cardiorespiratory pathology and dysfunction on the client and their relatives/carers.
To align with the highly practice-led, knowledge applied nature of the programme, you will develop skills in the assessment and management of clients with conditions affecting the function of the cardio respiratory system. The importance of clinical reasoning will again be emphasised (building upon skills introduced in previous modules) enabling you to select and apply appropriate therapeutic interventions underpinned by the principles of evidence-based practice.
In this module, you can expect to engage with a range of blended learning opportunities including lectures, seminars delivered by specialist clinicians, practical skills workshops with service user involvement and E-learning activities. A case study approach will be utilised throughout the module to explore the contribution of physiotherapy to the management of clients presenting with cardio respiratory conditions with respect to interprofessional working and encourage reflection and critical evaluation of the role of the physiotherapy within the Cardiorespiratory MDT. The use of the virtual learning environment will enable you to become familiar with a simulated intensive therapy unit prior to practice placement.
Consolidating Professional Practice
This second inter-professional module will consolidate the links between your personal and professional development, whilst encouraging and enhancing a lifelong commitment to the concept of continuous quality improvement in a dynamic and ever-changing health and social care environment.
Through a flexible provision, you are encouraged to reflect critically upon your personal experiences as well and health and social care practice, and to appraise and apply concepts from the literature on best practice to issues of relevance for your profession and the needs of the service user.
This module focuses on pursuing excellence in healthcare and encouraging the development of advancing practice-led applied knowledge and skills for students to be able to lead service development effectively and efficiently.
Advancing Practice through the Lifecycle
This module builds upon your prior learning related to neuromusculoskeletal, respiratory and neurological physiotherapy and evidenced based practice gained from your year one and practice placements to further develop and integrate your knowledge, skills, behaviours and values with a focus on more specialist and complex, multi-pathological presentations. Attention is given to the further development and application of your clinical reasoning skills, the use of measurement and outcomes and understanding your role in Interprofessional collaboration throughout the client journey across a range of health and social care settings.
Throughout the module, you will develop a systematic understanding of the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of a range of more specialist conditions experienced through the lifecycle. There will be an emphasis on critical appraisal of the evidence base for physiotherapy practice within each as well as understanding the physical, psychological and social impact of dysfunction on the client and their relatives/carers. In line with the programme philosophy of compassionate, client centred care, you will be supported to identify and evaluate how making appropriate adaptations and modifications may enhance the effectiveness of care for both acute and chronic presentations.
To align with the highly practice-led, knowledge applied nature of the programme, a range of learning and teaching opportunities will enable you to you will develop skills in the assessment and management of clients with specialist and complex, multi-pathological presentations and also in the understanding of working practices required to ensure seamless services for people with complex health and social care need across disciplines. These blended learning opportunities may include lectures, seminars delivered by specialist clinicians, practical skills workshops with service user involvement and E-learning activities. A case study approach will be heavily utilised throughout the module to maximise your opportunity to link theory with practice and apply your advancing problems solving and clinical reasoning skills. These case studies will encourage reflection and critical evaluation of both your own role and the role of the wider MDT. In addition, the use of the virtual reality learning platform will enable you to develop your caseload management skills such as time management and prioritisation; a vital element of advancing practice.
MSc Healthcare Professional Project Module
In the second year of the programme, you will also undertake a 40-credit MSc project module where you’ll work independently or in a group to produce a Masters project in primary or secondary research, audit or service evaluation. This is the apex of showcasing your abilities as an independent learner. It is an opportunity to show that you have been able to take information, critical discussion, and research theory and apply it to a project that is your own innovative concept. It is through this transition from dependent to independent learning that an appreciation for lifelong learning is formed. You will be supported by a tutor with specialist knowledge and experience in the field.
You will complete a minimum of 1000 practice placement hours across the programme to meet the requirements of The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP), the professional body. This will be divided into weeks of practice placement time, with 12 being coordinated across the first year (2 X 6 week blocks) and 18 weeks (3x6 weeks) in the second year.
The purpose of the practice placement component of the programme is to enable and support students to develop the knowledge, skills and professional behaviour to manage a broad range of conditions relating to human movement through the practical application of academic learning. It should also enable the student to develop their understanding of the wide range of individuals who may benefit from physiotherapy and the diverse settings in which physiotherapy may be provided. Dedicated to providing students with a broad range of practice placement experience, the programme recognises and celebrates the differences in service configuration and the ways in which that the physiotherapy workforce is engaged. Therefore, the emphasis is on the overall profile of practice placement experience that each student undertakes.
For each placement, each student is assigned a named Practice Educator/s who is an HCPC registered Physiotherapist. The CSP supports a range of models of supervision, therefore the Practice Educator may be responsible for more than one student at any time. The Practice Educator will plan the placement and supervise the student(s) although other members of their team may contribute for maximum experience and learning.
The practice placement learning component of the programme has been developed with valuable input form stakeholders and in line with the Learning and Development Principles for CSP Accreditation of Qualifying Programmes in Physiotherapy (2015), HCPC Standards of Proficiency for Physiotherapists (2013) and the HCPC Standards of Education and Training (2014).
Practice placements will usually be based Practice Placement Providers in the greater West Midlands region, however, you may occasionally be allocated to other locations throughout the UK, depending on Practice Placement demand and availability. All placements that are external to the University will involve travel away from the main site. Depending on location, some placements may require you to seek more local accommodation, which may incur a cost. BCU cannot guarantee that you will be allocated as soon as you are eligible to progress to a Practice Placement, however, every effort is made to ensure that you are placed as soon as possible.
Placements are compulsory and if you do not successfully meet the professional capabilities for all four placements, you will not meet the requirements for successful completion of the programme.
You will be required to fund all costs relating to placements, for example travel to and from the placement site, car parking charges and accommodation costs (if you choose to seek more local accommodation).
This postgraduate physiotherapy degree course will be delivered full-time over two years, with each year comprising 45 weeks of learning – this is required to incorporate your practice based placements.
There will be a minimum of 1,000 hours in practice placements, ensuring that you have sufficient opportunity to achieve the required practice competencies, such that successful completion will ensure you can practice as an autonomous newly qualified practitioner.
We'll embed professional development throughout the course, ensuring that you are committed to the ethos of lifelong learning, and are prepared to meet the continued professional development requirements for the profession
The development of practical and clinical skills is integral to your development as a physiotherapist. Participation in interactive practical classes (which involves the teaching, learning and practice of such skills) is therefore essential to your education as a physiotherapist. Students are asked to act as ‘models’ or ’service users’ for these teaching and learning processes, both in the university and during practice placements. Acting as a model may, by necessity, involve the removal of clothing that enables adequate observation and/or examination of the body. Therefore, before commencing practical classes, all students are given detailed information regarding this issue and are required to sign the relevant section of a consent form.
There are some circumstances in which it is possible for us to arrange for some students to work only with students of the same gender, in classes, but it is not possible to provide separate classes for the genders or to screen off sections of rooms to separate the genders. Please be assured that the programme team is willing to make any reasonable adjustments in order to overcome or minimise any concerns over such issues.
The issue of consent will be explained in more detail during the induction week and revisited throughout the programme. If you feel that there is an issue which may have an impact on your ability or willingness to act as a model, please contact the programme leader to discuss this. We will make every effort to put mechanisms in place to address your concerns.
You may be required to wear a uniform for practice placements. You will be fitted for the required uniform on commencement of your course. Given that your programme involves placement opportunities with the National Health Service (NHS), we wish to bring standard NHS advice to your attention with respect to dress code. For purposes of minimising the spread of infection and of cross contamination, this (dress) code includes the requirement that a short sleeved uniform is worn in many hospital and clinic contexts. Should you wish to discuss any concerns in connection to this prior to starting the course, please contact the programme lead in the first instance.
BCU encourages all students on the programme to become student members of the CSP. Students are responsible for paying the student membership fee. The fee for student membership of the CSP is currently £39 per year. For further information regarding student membership including benefits and fees, visit the CSP website.
Information regarding membership of the CSP will be provided during the induction week and so please do not join prior to attending the induction week.
Costs associated with obtaining DBS clearance are payable by you. If you have lived outside the UK for six months or more in the past five years, you will also need to obtain a criminal record check from the country you were living in. For applicants living in the Republic of Ireland, we will need to see an Irish Garda clearance. You are required to pay for the cost of obtaining this clearance. The cost varies by country.
Students are instructed to wait until they have started the course before purchasing any books, as individual module co-ordinators may make particular recommendations and students may also be able to borrow books as required the University library.
In addition to any book purchases, the MSc Physiotherapy programme utilises a range of bespoke teaching including worksheets, support notes and quizzes. All of this material will be available in electronic format, through Moodle sites. You will also be expected to access additional literature sources (i.e. scientific journals, government publications), as part of your directed and self-directed learning. You may wish to print some of this teaching material and literature and take account of the additional cost of doing so.
You will be required to fund all costs relating to placements, for example travel to and from the placement site, car parking charges and accommodation costs (if you choose to seek more local accommodation).
Upon graduating from the MSc in Physiotherapy, you could progress on to studying a PhD or undertake specialist education relevant to your area of practice.
Graduates will be eligible to apply for registration with the HCPC as a Physiotherapist. This will enable you to pursue careers within the NHS and private sector. Opportunities exist in hospitals, community settings as well as sports teams, uniformed services and the public or voluntary sectors.
Physiotherapists practice in a diverse range of settings and your placements will designed to maximise your exposure to a wide range of physiotherapy practice. This may include both health and social care settings based within the NHS, the private sector or voluntary sector, placements within industry or specialised educational settings.
OpportUNIty: Student Jobs on Campus ensures that our students are given a first opportunity to fill many part-time temporary positions within the University. This allows you to work while you study with us, fitting the job around your course commitments. By taking part in the scheme, you will gain valuable experiences and employability skills, enhancing your prospects in the job market.
It will also allow you to become more involved in University life by delivering, leading and supporting many aspects of the learning experience, from administration to research and mentoring roles.
This course will prepare you for practice as a physiotherapist in a range of varied settings. You'll have developed the skills that will enhance your employability, and will therefore be able to specialise in an area of interest following qualification and registration.
Birmingham City University is a vibrant and multicultural university in the heart of a modern and diverse city. We welcome many international students every year – there are currently students from more than 80 countries among our student community.
The University is conveniently placed, with Birmingham International Airport nearby and first-rate transport connections to London and the rest of the UK.
Our international pages contain a wealth of information for international students who are considering applying to study here, including:
International students who have a serious interest in studying with us but who perhaps cannot meet the direct entry requirements, academic or English, or who have been out of education for some time, can enter Birmingham City University International College (BCUIC) and begin their degree studies.
BCUIC is part of the global Navitas Group, an internationally recognised education provider, and the partnership allows students to access the University’s facilities and services and move seamlessly through to achieving a Bachelor’s degree from Birmingham City University.
We are constantly investing in our estate and are currently in the process of spending £260 million on new learning facilities.
We boast up-to-date, innovative facilities that simulate the real situations that medical staff may come across.
These resources are essential in offering students a hands-on introduction to health and social care practice. Much of our teaching is carried out within our state-of-the-art, £30m Seacole Building, which houses cutting-edge learning facilities.
In a sector where new techniques are constantly being discovered, we work hard to ensure that students learn using the most up-to-date equipment available. These include the only mock operating theatre in an English university and a cutting-edge radiography virtual clinical training facility, virtual ward and virtual case creator.
For pre-registration midwives, Virtual Case Creator software contains a range of scenarios to let you experience birthing situations and decide on appropriate interventions in a safe environment.
Our mock wards enable you to get a feel of what a ward is really like before you head out for your first placement. They contain ‘Sim Men’, which are demonstration dummies that develop ailments, allowing you to treat them as you would a real patient and build your confidence in reacting to the changing needs of patients.
The Hospital Ward can be adapted from a low care to high dependency care environment with the necessary monitoring equipment.
Part of the package is our SIM baby, SIM man and Mega code kid. There are also nursing manikins for fundamental skills teaching and various equipment to support essential skills teaching, such as blood pressure monitoring venepuncture and cannulation equipment.
The SPACE (Skills Practice And Clinical Enhancement) learning facility lets you further practice the skills taught in class, at your own pace and convenience.
It is fully stocked with the specialist items and equipment needed for procedures such as taking blood pressure, giving an injection, abdominal examination of a pregnant woman and caring for ill babies in an incubator.
We have recently installed new laboratory facilities to help you explore understand the scientific principles underpinning many of our courses. The physiology laboratory is equipped to help you learn about the way the human body works by performing investigative experiments. The biomedical science laboratory is undergoing an upgrade over the summer and will allow you to learn about anatomy, cellular processes, immunology and enzymology in a hands-on way that links directly to day-to-day health care.
We have several Simulation men (SIM men) and Simulation babies (SIM babies) which are leading edge, anatomically correct mannequins used for teaching specific techniques such as advanced adult and paediatric life support skills, acute and high dependency clinical skills, first aid and communication skills.
The SIM men and SIM baby mannequins are complete with software, which is used to replicate real symptoms, and are enhanced by the manipulation of for example blood pressure, pulse and heart rate for extra realism. SIM Man can also “talk” to the students which adds another dimension to their use in teaching clinical skills and in simulation exercises.
The Seacole library, based at City South Campus, is one of the UK's largest specialist health education libraries. The state-of-the art facility offers an extensive range of range of information and reference materials set out in a relaxing environment, conducive to studying. There are comfortable seating areas, group study areas, a silent study area and private study rooms.
You will have access to all of the University’s libraries.
The Seacole building houses a large open access IT Suite which comprises of 96 PCs, full colour printers, photocopiers and scanners. Our PCs utilise the latest Intel i5 core technology, all with:
Our PCs are also designed to support students who may have difficulties with reading and writing, featuring specialised software with zooming/magnification and screen reading capabilities, which may also be customised for individual student needs.
The IT Suite offers extended opening hours and is supported by a specialist Open Access Assistant during term time. In addition to the open access PCs within the IT Suite, there are 12 networked student PCs available within Seacole library.
Our staff have extensive clinical experience and often continue to work in their specialist areas, as well as developing their own areas of research.
Dale Cooper is the Course Leader for the MSc Pre-registration Physiotherapy degree in the Faculty of Health, Education and Life Sciences at Birmingham City University. Dale is involved in teaching physiotherapy, and he continues to practice as a Musculoskeletal Physiotherapist.
His research interests are in adult orthopaedics, especially of the knee, with a particular interest in knee osteoarthritis in community and elite sporting populations. He previously coordinated the British Olympic Association’s Olympian Study, and was Principle Investigator responsible for designing a parallel study examining pain mechanisms in knee osteoarthritis. Dale is currently a Co-Investigator on the Retired Olympians Musculoskeletal Health Study supported by the World Olympians Association.