Flute in C

Catalogue number: 2.8

Original name: Flute in C.

Type or system: Eight keys “Simple System”.

Maker: Card & Co.

Place of origin: London, c.1861-1876.

Workshop established by William Card (b 1788; d 1861); 1851 described as ‘designer and manufacturer of flutes’ and ‘professor of flute’. He developed a flute model based on Boehm’s 1832 system. In 1861 his son Edward John (b 1817; d 1877) became successor, now as ‘Card & Co.’

Overall size: 680mm.

Technical description: Five sections of blackwood or grenadilla. Head joint: 177mm (217mm with metal tuning slide); barrel: 66mm (87mm with metal tuning slide); upper joint: 218mm; lower joint: 134mm; foot joint: 152mm).

Eight silver modern-style keys mounted by posts and axles without plates; overlapping C/C sharp touches. Springs attached by rivets to the key. Circular embouchure hole. Telescopic metal tuning slide, adjustable tuning stopper.

Key work and finger holes

Finger hole diameter (av.)

Left hand thumb:

B flat key

Left hand, first finger:

T; 6.4mm

Left hand, second finger:

T; 8.0mm

Left hand, third finger:

T; 6.0mm

Left hand, third finger:

G sharp key; Long F key

Right hand, first finger:

T; C key; 8.1mm

Right hand, second finger:

T; 8.8mm

Right hand, third finger:

T; cross F key, C sharp, low C; 5.8mm

Right hand, fourth finger:

D sharp / E flat key

Inscription: Stamped on Head joint: “CARD & CO / LONDON”; Stamped on Upper joint: “588 / CARD & CO / QUADRT / REGENT ST / LONDON”; Stamped on Foot joint: “CARD & CO / LONDON”.

Faults: Head joint and barrel cracked. Barrel may not be original. Long F key missing (hole plugged with resin). Crack across embouchure.

Usable pitch: Plays at a’ = 446 Hz.

Illustration references: See below

Gallery of Images